|Generally used in contrast to “hard” measures and often pejoratively. Mainly applied to self-report and to ratings by lay raters.|
The perception, not entirely unfairly, is that these measures have limited precision and are ones where the person completing the measure has huge capability to influence the result. Certainly self-ratings and ratings by untrained raters raise questions about generalisability, inter-rater (un)reliability) and possible systematic effects (bias/invalidity). However, as the therapy business is about subjectivity and the pertinence of “hard” measures is often unclear, these are our bread and butter measures.
Try also #
Pretty much throughout the book!