Chapter 2. A framework for outcome measurements

[Introduction to “Outcome Measures and Evaluation in Counselling and Psychotherapy”, created 20/5/21, work in progress until book launch. Do not make use of anything you find here until this warning disappears after the launch.]

Headings

  • ‘HARD’ VERSUS ‘SOFT’ MEASURES
    • Biological measures and markers
  • NOMOTHETIC VERSUS IDIOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
  • Box of key terms: idiographic/nomothetic
  • GLOBAL, GENERAL/GENERIC AND SPECIFIC MEASURES
  • WHO DOES THE MEASURING?
    • Observer rating
      • Trained researcher ratings
      • Lay raters
      • Professionals and therapists as raters
      • Automated/computerised ratings
    • Self-ratings
      • Strengths of self-rating
      • Limitations of self-rating – Conscious awareness
    • Design effects in creating questionnaires
  • OTHER FACTORS TO CONSIDER IN THE DESIGN OF OUTCOME MEASURES
    • Types of ratings
    • Number of ratings
    • Time frames
    • How much data do we have from different viewpoints? Multiple raters
    • Frames of reference – differences in interpretation